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The Lower Manhattan Development Corporation today released draft recommendations for the creation of the World Trade Center Memorial Center. The final recommendations will help guide the creation and evolution of the Memorial Center dedicated to the events of September 11, 2001, and February 26, 1993 below-grade at the southwest corner of the memorial site. The draft recommendations will be subject to public comment until July 1, 2004. The draft recommendations were developed by the World Trade Center Memorial Center Advisory Committee, convened by the LMDC and comprised of victim's family members, residents, survivors, first responders, historians, preservationists and curatorial professionals. The committee visited the WTC memorial site and Hangar 17 at JFK Airport, where many artifacts from the World Trade Center are being stored, and met with professionals to learn from their experience in creating exhibitions. The Advisory Committee also reviewed an expansive list of archives and resources relating to the attacks. Through a series of facilitated meetings, the Advisory Committee produced these draft recommendations. Governor George E. Pataki said, "I want to thank the members of the committee for sharing these draft recommendations that will help us move forward with the creation of the Memorial Center at the World Trade Center Site. Now we will engage the public and ask for broad-based input to help ensure that the Center properly reflects and honors the events of September 11th and the World Trade Center bombings." Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg said, "Today, a committee of dedicated volunteers including many family members of September 11th heroes, released draft recommendations for the development of the World Trade Center Site Memorial Center. I thank them for their hard work; they have provided us with a framework to create an historical perspective of the tragedies of September 11, 2001 and February 26, 1993, and focus our attention on the individual stories, the lives of victims, survivors, first responders, area residents and witnesses." LMDC Chairman John C. Whitehead said, "The distinguished Memorial Center Advisory Committee has worked long and hard to identify a broad range of the most important elements for the memorial honoring the memories of the victims of September 11th and trying to put a unique perspective on the events of the day. Reaching out to the public has been the hallmark of the LMDC since its founding and we are looking forward to receiving invaluable ideas and comment from the many stakeholders who have contributed so much in the past." LMDC President Kevin M. Rampe said, "These draft recommendations will guide the creation of the Memorial Center on the World Trade Center Site. The Memorial Center Advisory committee has done their work. We now look to the public to share their views on how to tell future generations the stories of September 11, 2001 and February 26, 1993. " Members of the Advisory Committee included:Virginia Bauer, Executive Director, NJ Lottery; Cantor Fitzgerald family member (LMDC Families Advisory Council) Gerry Bogacz, Member, Organizing Committee, Survivor's Network Paul Browne, Deputy Commissioner, Public Information, NYPD Michael Burke, Member, 9/11 Advocates Gordon Campbell, Secretary, 9/11 United Service Group; CEO, Safe Horizon Salvatore J. Cassano, Chief of Operations, FNDY Bureau of Operations Andrew Dolkart, James Marston Fitch Professor of Historic Preservation, Columbia University Sharon Dunn, Senior Instructional Manager for the Arts, New York City Department of Education Tom Eccles, Director and Curator, Public Art Fund (LMDC Memorial Mission Statement Drafting Committee) Bruce L. Ehrmann, Chair, Landmarks Committee, Community Board 1 (Section 106 Consulting Party) Mary Fetchet, Board, Coalition of 9/11 Families; Co-founder, Voices of September 11th (LMDC Families Advisory Council) Tom Finkelpearl (Downtown Resident), Executive Director, Queens Museum of Art Raymond Gastil, Executive Director, Van Alen Institute (Section 106 Consulting Party) Kathy Gupta (BPC Resident), Chief Administrator Development and Communications, Henry Street Settlement David Harvey, Vice President for Exhibition, American Museum of Natural History Ken Jackson, Professor of History and the Social Sciences, Columbia University; President and CEO, New-York Historical Society Meredith J. Kane, Partner, Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, LLP; Member NYC Landmarks Commission; Resident (LMDC Memorial Mission Drafting Committee) David Lim, Port Authority Police Department, Police Officer, K-9 Division Ken Lustbader, Preservation Consultant, Lower Manhattan Emergency Preservation Fund Michael Macko, 1993 family member, (LMDC Families Advisory Council) Tom Roger, Director, Families of September 11, Inc. (LMDC Families Advisory Council) Richard J. Schwartz, Chairman, New York State Council on the Arts Nanette Smith, Chief of Staff to Deputy Mayor for Administration David Stanke (Financial District Resident), World Trade Center Residents Coalition Nikki Stern, Executive Director, Families of September 11, Inc (LMDC Families Advisory Council) John Kuo Wei Tchen, Director & Historian, Asian/Pacific/American Program & Institute, NYU Robert B. Tierney, Chair, NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission Resource Group: Sara Bloomfield, Director, United Stated Holocaust Museum J. Max Bond Jr., Partner, Davis Brody Bond, LLP; Architect for the Birmingham Civil Rights Museum and Malcolm X Memorial (LMDC Memorial Program Drafting Committee) Ric Burns, Historian/ Filmmaker; President, Steeplechase Productions Sarah M. Henry, Deputy Director of Programs, Museum of the City of New York Robert Kuhn, State Archeologist for Government and Public Policy, NY Historic Preservation Office Jan Seidler Ramirez, Vice President & Museum Director, New-York Historical Society Mark Schaming, Director of Exhibitions and Public Programs, New York State Museum The meetings were facilitated by Todd Jick from Center for Executive Development (CED). The LMDC is accepting public comment on the draft recommendations on LMDC's website, www.RenewNYC.com, and via regular mail. A copy of the draft recommendations is attached.
In January 2004, LMDC unveiled the winning World Trade Center Site Memorial design, Reflecting Absence, by Michael Arad and Peter Walker. LMDC and Studio Daniel Libeskind, working in collaboration with the memorial design team of Michael Arad and Peter Walker, established a new location for a below grade Memorial Center dedicated to the events of September 11, 2001, and February 26, 1993 at the southwest corner of the memorial site. In April 2004, LMDC announced the formation of a Memorial Center Advisory Committee to make recommendations for the Memorial Center. The Advisory Committee- victims' family members, residents, survivors, first responders, historians, preservationists, and curators-visited the WTC memorial site and Hangar 17 at JFK Airport, where many artifacts from the World Trade Center are being stored, and met with professionals to learn from their experience in creating exhibitions. The Advisory Committee also reviewed an expansive list of archives and resources relating to the attacks. Through a series of facilitated meetings, the Advisory Committee produced these draft recommendations. During the course of their meetings, members of the Advisory Committee debated a number of issues. One issue was the breadth of the Memorial Center's subject matter, particularly with respect to the terrorists and their ideology. The Committee agreed that some information regarding the terrorists and who they were should be provided, but refrained from recommending information beyond the facts. Another issue was the level of specificity to give in relation to the inclusion of artifacts within the Memorial Center. The Committee ultimately agreed that recommendations for the inclusion of artifacts should be more general (i.e., recommending categories of artifacts as opposed to specific artifacts) to leave room for curatorial expertise and allow for changes to the exhibits in the future. Next Steps LMDC will reach out to stakeholders in the form of electronic and hard-copy mailings of these draft recommendations. The draft recommendations will also be posted on LMDC's website (www.RenewNYC.com) along with a comment form during a formal public comment period. After the close of the public comment period, LMDC will assemble and analyze the public comment and will consult with the Memorial Center Advisory Committee to revise this document. The revised draft will then be presented to the LMDC Board in final form for adopting as formal recommendations. The final recommendations for the Memorial Center will serve as a resource for development of the Memorial Center. All ideas and responses gathered will be preserved as additional resources in the development of the Memorial Center's program.
The purpose of the Memorial Center should be to commemorate the extraordinary events of September 11, 2001 by:
The centerpiece of the Memorial Center should be an exhibition focused on the events of September 11, 2001, which should incorporate the individual stories and perspectives of victims, survivors, responders, area residents, and witnesses. The narrative of this multi-layered, multi-media exhibit should be conveyed through primary sources and artifacts - including salvaged remnants of the buildings, physical objects, oral histories, film, video and audio footage, photographs, posters, handbills, memorabilia, signage, and personal effects. Supporting exhibits—which will deepen, broaden and contextualize a public understanding of the attacks—should present and explore:
The Memorial Center's exhibits should: